Roberto Gorelli points our attention at a recently published meteor related paper.
A new method for measuring the meteor mass index: application to the 2018 Draconid meteor shower outburst
This paper has been submitted for publication to Astronomy & Astrophysics by D. Vida, M. Campbell-Brown, P. G. Brown, A. Egal, and M. J. Mazur.
Abstract: Context. Several authors predicted an outburst of the Draconid meteor shower in 2018, but with an uncertain level of activity.
Aims. Optical meteor observations were used to derive the population and mass indices, flux, and radiant positions of Draconid meteors.
Methods. 90 minutes of multi-station observations after the predicted peak of activity were performed using highly sensitive Electron Multiplying Charge Coupled Device (EMCCD) cameras. The data calibration is discussed in detail. A novel maximum likelihood estimation method of computing the population and mass index with robust error estimation was developed. We apply the method to observed Draconids and use the values to derive the flux. Meteor trajectories are computed and compared to predicted radiant positions from meteoroid ejection models.
Results. We found that the mass index was 1.74 ± 0.18 in the 30 minute bin after the predicted peak, and 2.32 ± 0.27 in the next 60 minutes. The location and the dispersion of the radiant matches well to modeled values, but there is an offset of 0.4° in solar longitude.
You can download this paper for free: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2002.03881.pdf (21 pages).
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